The phenomenology of enjoyment has 8 components.
- The experience usually occurs when we confront tasks we have a chance of completing, is challenging and requires skills.
- We must be able to concentrate on what we are doing.
- Concentration is possible because it has clear goals.
- Concentration is possible because there is immediate feedback.
- One acts with a deep but effortless involvement that removes from awareness the worries and frustrations of everyday life.
- Enjoyable experiences allow people to exercise a sense of control over their actions.
- Concern for the self disappears, yet paradoxically the sense of self emerges stronger after the flow experience is over.
- The sense of duration of time is altered; hours pass by in minutes, and minutes can stretch out to seem like hours.
The combination of all these elements causes a sense of deep enjoyment that is so rewarding people feel that expending a great deal of energy is worthwhile simply to be able to feel it.