Friday, December 22, 2006

Components of Enjoyment


The phenomenology of enjoyment has 8 components.

  1. The experience usually occurs when we confront tasks we have a chance of completing, is challenging and requires skills.

  2. We must be able to concentrate on what we are doing.

  3. Concentration is possible because it has clear goals.

  4. Concentration is possible because there is immediate feedback.

  5. One acts with a deep but effortless involvement that removes from awareness the worries and frustrations of everyday life.

  6. Enjoyable experiences allow people to exercise a sense of control over their actions.

  7. Concern for the self disappears, yet paradoxically the sense of self emerges stronger after the flow experience is over.

  8. The sense of duration of time is altered; hours pass by in minutes, and minutes can stretch out to seem like hours.

The combination of all these elements causes a sense of deep enjoyment that is so rewarding people feel that expending a great deal of energy is worthwhile simply to be able to feel it.

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